||Usually means that the breeder has sent X-Rays of a specific
dog to the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for evaluation
and an official clearance certificate. To verify that an animal has been OFA certified, you can visit the OFA website and search their database.
||Usually means that the breeder has sent the results of tests
done by a canine opthalmologist for a particular dog to the
Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) for evaluation and an
official clearance certificate.
||Hip Dysplasia is a condition which is cause by a problem
in the structure of the hip joint. The head of the thigh bone
no longer fits firmly in the "cup" provided by the hip socket.
It is mainly seen in larger dogs and is the main cause of rear
lameness in dogs.
||Usually means that the breeder has had a blood test done for
a specific dog which indicates whether or not the dog is free of
von Willebrand's Disorder (VWD) which is a blood clotting condition
causing hemorrhaging from a simple injury/illness.
||Protein Losing Enteropathy is an inherited immune-mediated disease of the intestines. Many dogs don't show clinical signs of this disease until they are over the age of 5. Abnormal fluid accumulation may occur secondary to decreased protein levels in the blood. For more information on these protein-wasting diseases, click here.
||Protein Losing Nephropathy is an inherited immune-mediated disease of the kidneys. Many dogs don't show clinical signs of this disease until they are over the age of 5. Abnormal fluid accumulation may occur secondary to decreased protein levels in the blood. For more information on these protein-wasting diseases, click here.
||Progressive Retinal Atrophy, an eye condition that afflicts
many breeds, especially those with protruding eyes. It is
characterized by degeneration of cells of the retina,
leading eventually to loss of sight. It is a progressive
disease starting later in a dog's life (5+ years) and
which often starts with loss of night vision.
||Collie Eye Anomaly is a syndrome that involves one or
more of the following: retinal degeneration, cataract,
and retinal detachment.
||A condition which occurs when the kneelike joint
above the hock in the hind leg of a dog slips and
may require surgery.
||Refers to a dog being sensitive to anesthesia, flea powders,
and various medications